The results of Medical Needling is a qualitative and quantitative improvement in the structure, texture, and overall appearance of the skin.
Structural Damage is when the structure of the skin is damaged it is associated with visible marks or disturbances that can often cause distress and necessitate cosmetic or medical intervention—especially if they occur in places that are often visible such as the face, neck, and hands.
The structure of the skin can be damaged in a number of ways:
The most common forms of extrinsic aging include deep and fine lines, a looser appearance of the skin on the face, abnormal pigmentation, inflammation, and a loss of elasticity. The major contributing factors to these problems that arise extrinsically include exposure to UV, poor nutrition, smoking, emotional stress, and excessive use of alcohol – to name a few. By far the most significant of these is UV exposure, causing up to 80% of all damage to the structure of the skin.
UV-triggered aging leads to a significant decrease in the number and density of elastic fibers. These fibers become shorter and thinner which is a major determining factor of wrinkle depth, and the skins ability to retain its shape.
Cicatrization: How Scarring Occurs
Cicatrization, or the formation of scars on the skin is most accurately described as the replacement of healthy skin with lower quality tissues. Scars occur when the skin receives a substantial wound produced by trauma or medical procedures. They can be differentiated from healthy skin by significant changes in the extracellular matrix in the dermal level, and visible changes to the surface of the skin at the epidermal level. Scars can vary in severity based on the effectiveness of the body’s cicatrization process. While scars can be almost invisible with normal cicatrization, they can also produce extensive changes to the texture and level of the skin if this process is inhibited.
Striae: How Stretch Marks Occur
Stretch marks (also referred to as striae distensae or striae gravidarum—pregnancy stretch marks) most frequently occur on areas of the body that are subject to mechanical stress such as the abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks, and upper arms. Stretch marks occur when the connective tissues of the papilliary and reticular layers undergo extreme stretching to the point of tearing. The most common indicators for tearing are sharp or rapid weight gain, abrupt growth, and in association with cortisone medication. In the case of pregnancy, hormonal effects can also cause a reduction in skin elasticity, increasing the likelihood of stretch marks. The results are reddish-blue bands which may fade with time, but often remain visible in the form of pale and often atrophic scars.